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RARE PROOF COINAGE PAPUA NEW GUINEA 1977 OP953
巴布亚新几内亚的稀有精制硬币1977 OP953
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物品信息

尺寸(毫米) 46 x 46 x 4毫米
重量(克拉) 1 克拉
Year 1997
Mint/Proof Coin
Coin Collection
处理中...

COIN   RARE PROOF COINAGE  PAPUA NEW GUINEA   1977  

8 COINS IN PRESENTATION BOX

SIZE   L 46  MM DIAMATER

BOX SIZE 175 X 110X 28MM

CONDITION GOOD

 

 

The island of New Guinea was discovered by Spanish navigator Jorge de Menezes, who landed on the northwest shore in 1527. Attracted by exaggerated estimates of the resources available, the island was claimed, in part or whole, by Spain, the Netherlands, Great Britain and Germany.

Papua, formerly British New Guinea, situated in the southeastern quarter of the island, had an area of 234,499 square kilometers (90,540 square miles) and a population of 750,000. It was temporarily annexed by Queensland in 1883 and by the British Crown in 1888. British New Guinea used the standard British monetary system where 12 pence = 1 shilling and 20 shillings = 1 pound. Papua came under the control of the Australian Commonwealth in 1901 and became the Territory of Papua in 1906.

In 1884, Germany annexed the area known as German New Guinea (also Neu Guinea or Kaiser Wilhelmsland) comprising the northeastern quarter of the island and granted its administration and development to the Neu-Guinea Compagnie. Administration reverted to Germany in 1889 following the failure of the company to exercise adequate administration. While a German protectorate, German New Guinea had an area of 238,692 square kilometers (92,159 square miles) and a population of 250,000. The capital was Hebertshohe (later Rabaul). German New Guinea used a German decimal money system where 100 Pfennig = 1 Mark. Australian troops occupied German New Guinea in August, 1914, shortly after Britain declared war on Germany. It was mandated to Australia by the League of Nations in 1920, known as the Territory of New Guinea.

Japan invaded New Guinea and Papua in early 1942, but Australian control was restored before the end of the year in Papua and in 1945 in New Guinea. Following Japanese surrender, both territories came under U.N. trusteeship with Australia as the administering power. The Papua and New Guinea Act, 1949 provided for the government of Papua and New Guinea as one administrative unit. After World War II, Australian currency was used exclusively in the two territories.

On December 1, 1973, Papua New Guinea became self governing with Australia retaining responsibility for defense and foreign affairs. Full independence was achieved within the British Commonwealth on September 16, 1975. Following independence, the country commenced its own currency issues using a decimal system where 100 Toea = 1 Kina.

硬币稀有硬币巴布亚新几内亚1977

演示框中的8枚硬币

尺寸L 46毫米直径

BOX尺寸175 X 110X 28MM

条件良好

西班牙航海家豪尔赫·德梅内塞斯(Jorge de Menezes)于1527年降落在西北海岸,发现了新几内亚岛。由于对可用资源的夸大估计而被吸引,西班牙,荷兰,英国对该岛进行了部分或全部保护和德国。

巴布亚原名英属新几内亚,位于该岛的东南部,面积234,499平方公里(90,540平方英里),人口75万。它在1883年被昆士兰州和1888年英国王室暂时吞并。英国新几内亚使用标准的英国货币体系,其中12便士= 1先令,20先令= 1磅。巴布亚于1901年由澳大利亚联邦控制,1906年成为巴布亚领地。

1884年,德国吞并了包括该岛东北区的新几内亚地区(也称新几内亚或凯撒威廉港),并将其管理和开发权交给了新几内亚公司。 1889年,由于公司未能行使适当的管理权,行政权恢复为德国。德国新几内亚是德国的保护国,面积238,692平方公里(92,159平方英里),人口25万。首都是Hebertshohe(后来的Rabaul)。德国新几内亚使用德国十进制货币制,其中100芬尼= 1马克。在英国向德国宣战后不久,澳大利亚军队于1914年8月占领了德国新几内亚。国际联盟于1920年将其授权给澳大利亚,称为新几内亚领地。

日本于1942年初入侵新几内亚和巴布亚,但在今年年底之前在巴布亚和1945年在新几内亚恢复了澳大利亚的控制。日本投降后,两个领土都由联合国托管,澳大利亚作为管理国。 1949年的《巴布亚和新几内亚法》规定巴布亚和新几内亚政府为一个行政单位。第二次世界大战后,澳大利亚货币仅在两个地区使用。

1973年12月1日,巴布亚新几内亚开始自治,澳大利亚继续负责国防和外交事务。 1975年9月16日在英联邦内部实现了完全独立。独立后,该国使用十进制100 Toea = 1 Kina开始自己的货币发行。

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