ROMAN SILVER DENARII SEPTIMUS SEVERUS AC 478

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尺寸(毫米) 不提供
重量(克拉) 不提供
色彩
Year 193
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Platinum Coin
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SEPTIMUS SEVERUS, A NATIVE OF LEPRIS MAGNA, AFRICA WAS PROCLAIMED EMPEROR BY HIS TROOPS AFTER THE MURDER OF PERTINAX. HE IS AT THE SAME TIME CREDITED WITH STRENGTHENING AND REVIVING AN EMPIRE FACING IMMINENT DECLINE AND, THROUGH THE SAME POLICIES THAT SAVED IT, CAUSING IT EVENTUAL FALL. SEVERUS ELIMINATED THE DANGEROUS PRAETORIANS, UNIFIED THE EMPIRE AFTER TURMOIL AND CIVIL WAR, STRENGTHENED THE ARMY, DEFEATED ROME'S MOST POWERFUL ENEMY, AND FOUNDED A SUCCESSFUL DYNASTY. HIS PAY INCREASES FOR THE ARMY, HOWEVER, ESTABLISHED A SEVERE BURDEN ON ROME. FUTURE EMPERORS WERE EXPECTED TO INCREASE PAY AS WELL. THESE RAISES RESULTED IN EVER-INCREASING TAXES THAT DAMAGED THE ECONOMY. SOME HISTORUAN BELIEVE HIGH TAXES, INITIATED BY SEVERUS POLICIES, PLAYED A SIGNIFICANT ROLE IN ROME'S LONT-TERM DECLINE. IN 208 A.D., HE TRAVELED TO BRITAIN TO EMBARK ON REVITALISATION AFTER A DISASTROUS BARBARIAN INVASION. HE DIED IN YORK IN 211 A.D. AND WAS SUCCEEDED BY HIS SONS, CARACALLA AND GETA.

SEPTIMUS SEVERUS, 193- 211 A.D.

 

COIN WEIGHT 1.76 GRAMS

MAXIMUM DIAMETER 17 MM

 

The early Roman coins made from brass ,copper or bronze had clearly defined denominations with a classification system as below

AE1 coins of 28 mm diameter or larger

AE2 coins between 23 and 27 mm diameter

AE3 coins between 18 and 22 mm diameter

AE4 coins 17mm diameter and under

   

Republic coins   289-41 bc

Imperial coins    27 bc – 498 ad

Roman Provincial

 

Roman Provincial are coins that were minted in the roman empire by local authorities not by Rome.Over 600 mints flourished during the Roman Imperial era and some based their coinage on that local coins before the Romans arrived.

The majority of these coins were bronze,as the Romans controlled silver coins and didn’t want the tribal areas to control silver but they did allow the Eastern Empire to have silver coins 

 

Republican Coins

Before coins were struck ,trade was accomplished with cattle or rough bronze.

It wasn’t till the end of the 4th centenary that bronze was shaped into flat crude bars and did not have a standard weight.

Rome produced its first coins around 300BC,these coins were inscribed ROMANOM

(of the romans) and production continued till the end of the Punic wars in 240 BC.

 

Imperial Coins images on coins took an important step when JULIUS CAESAR issued coins bearing his image, this was first time a living person was on coin and was to help influence Caesars control over his empire and make him appear god like.

Many of these coins were made from silver but towards the end the silver content was lowered as silver was scarce to find and sometimes these silver coins had no silver at all, this was due ti demand for silver from india and inflation as solders pay increased for 900 sestertii under augustus to 2000 sestertii under Septimus Server and the price of grain tripled so many coins were melted .

 

The Republic
289-41 bc

Imperatorial Issues 
71-27 bc

The Roman Empire
27 bc - 498 ad

Roman Provincial Coins

Cast Bronze Coinage
(Aes Grave)

289 -212 bc

Pompey the Great
(and his sons)
71 - 40 bc

The Twelve Caesars
27 bc - 96 ad

The Age of Constantine
307 - 337

 

Western Europe and North Africa

Pyrrhic and Punic Wars
280-212 bc

Julius Caesar
49 - 40 bc

The Adoptive Emperors
96 - 197

Byzantine
324

 

Eastern Europe

The Denarius Coinage
211 - 41 bc

Brutus and Cassius
43 - 42 bc

The Severan Dynasty
193 - 235

Heirs of Constantine
337 - 363

Asia Minor

 

Mark Antony
44 - 31 bc

The Soldier Emperors
235-268

Valentinian and Theodosius
364 - 423

Roman Egypt

 

 

Octavian
43 - 27 bc

The Time of Troubles
259-285

The Late Empire
423 - 498

 

 


 

The Tetrarchy

285-324


 

 

SEPTIMUS SEVERUS, A NATIVE OF LEPRIS MAGNA, AFRICA WAS PROCLAIMED EMPEROR BY HIS TROOPS AFTER THE MURDER OF PERTINAX. HE IS AT THE SAME TIME CREDITED WITH STRENGTHENING AND REVIVING AN EMPIRE FACING IMMINENT DECLINE AND, THROUGH THE SAME POLICIES THAT SAVED IT, CAUSING IT EVENTUAL FALL. SEVERUS ELIMINATED THE DANGEROUS PRAETORIANS, UNIFIED THE EMPIRE AFTER TURMOIL AND CIVIL WAR, STRENGTHENED THE ARMY, DEFEATED ROME'S MOST POWERFUL ENEMY, AND FOUNDED A SUCCESSFUL DYNASTY. HIS PAY INCREASES FOR THE ARMY, HOWEVER, ESTABLISHED A SEVERE BURDEN ON ROME. FUTURE EMPERORS WERE EXPECTED TO INCREASE PAY AS WELL. THESE RAISES RESULTED IN EVER-INCREASING TAXES THAT DAMAGED THE ECONOMY. SOME HISTORUAN BELIEVE HIGH TAXES, INITIATED BY SEVERUS POLICIES, PLAYED A SIGNIFICANT ROLE IN ROME'S LONT-TERM DECLINE. IN 208 A.D., HE TRAVELED TO BRITAIN TO EMBARK ON REVITALISATION AFTER A DISASTROUS BARBARIAN INVASION. HE DIED IN YORK IN 211 A.D. AND WAS SUCCEEDED BY HIS SONS, CARACALLA AND GETA.

SEPTIMUS SEVERUS, 193- 211 A.D.

 

COIN WEIGHT 1.76 GRAMS

MAXIMUM DIAMETER 17 MM

 

The early Roman coins made from brass ,copper or bronze had clearly defined denominations with a classification system as below

AE1 coins of 28 mm diameter or larger

AE2 coins between 23 and 27 mm diameter

AE3 coins between 18 and 22 mm diameter

AE4 coins 17mm diameter and under

   

Republic coins   289-41 bc

Imperial coins    27 bc – 498 ad

Roman Provincial

 

Roman Provincial are coins that were minted in the roman empire by local authorities not by Rome.Over 600 mints flourished during the Roman Imperial era and some based their coinage on that local coins before the Romans arrived.

The majority of these coins were bronze,as the Romans controlled silver coins and didn’t want the tribal areas to control silver but they did allow the Eastern Empire to have silver coins 

 

Republican Coins

Before coins were struck ,trade was accomplished with cattle or rough bronze.

It wasn’t till the end of the 4th centenary that bronze was shaped into flat crude bars and did not have a standard weight.

Rome produced its first coins around 300BC,these coins were inscribed ROMANOM

(of the romans) and production continued till the end of the Punic wars in 240 BC.

 

Imperial Coins images on coins took an important step when JULIUS CAESAR issued coins bearing his image, this was first time a living person was on coin and was to help influence Caesars control over his empire and make him appear god like.

Many of these coins were made from silver but towards the end the silver content was lowered as silver was scarce to find and sometimes these silver coins had no silver at all, this was due ti demand for silver from india and inflation as solders pay increased for 900 sestertii under augustus to 2000 sestertii under Septimus Server and the price of grain tripled so many coins were melted .

 

The Republic
289-41 bc

Imperatorial Issues 
71-27 bc

The Roman Empire
27 bc - 498 ad

Roman Provincial Coins

Cast Bronze Coinage
(Aes Grave)

289 -212 bc

Pompey the Great
(and his sons)
71 - 40 bc

The Twelve Caesars
27 bc - 96 ad

The Age of Constantine
307 - 337

 

Western Europe and North Africa

Pyrrhic and Punic Wars
280-212 bc

Julius Caesar
49 - 40 bc

The Adoptive Emperors
96 - 197

Byzantine
324

 

Eastern Europe

The Denarius Coinage
211 - 41 bc

Brutus and Cassius
43 - 42 bc

The Severan Dynasty
193 - 235

Heirs of Constantine
337 - 363

Asia Minor

 

Mark Antony
44 - 31 bc

The Soldier Emperors
235-268

Valentinian and Theodosius
364 - 423

Roman Egypt

 

 

Octavian
43 - 27 bc

The Time of Troubles
259-285

The Late Empire
423 - 498

 

 


 

The Tetrarchy

285-324


 

 

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