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PROOF SET WESTERN SAMOA 1974 OP 954
证据集西萨摩亚1974年OP 954
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COIN   PROOF SET WESTERN SAMOA  1974 

SIZE   L 37 MM DIAMATER

PACKAGE PLASTIC 100X 83 X 12 MM

CONDITION GOOD

 

 

The island of New Guinea was discovered by Spanish navigator Jorge de Menezes, who landed on the northwest shore in 1527. Attracted by exaggerated estimates of the resources available, the island was claimed, in part or whole, by Spain, the Netherlands, Great Britain and Germany.

Papua, formerly British New Guinea, situated in the southeastern quarter of the island, had an area of 234,499 square kilometers (90,540 square miles) and a population of 750,000. It was temporarily annexed by Queensland in 1883 and by the British Crown in 1888. British New Guinea used the standard British monetary system where 12 pence = 1 shilling and 20 shillings = 1 pound. Papua came under the control of the Australian Commonwealth in 1901 and became the Territory of Papua in 1906.

In 1884, Germany annexed the area known as German New Guinea (also Neu Guinea or Kaiser Wilhelmsland) comprising the northeastern quarter of the island and granted its administration and development to the Neu-Guinea Compagnie. Administration reverted to Germany in 1889 following the failure of the company to exercise adequate administration. While a German protectorate, German New Guinea had an area of 238,692 square kilometers (92,159 square miles) and a population of 250,000. The capital was Hebertshohe (later Rabaul). German New Guinea used a German decimal money system where 100 Pfennig = 1 Mark. Australian troops occupied German New Guinea in August, 1914, shortly after Britain declared war on Germany. It was mandated to Australia by the League of Nations in 1920, known as the Territory of New Guinea.

Japan invaded New Guinea and Papua in early 1942, but Australian control was restored before the end of the year in Papua and in 1945 in New Guinea. Following Japanese surrender, both territories came under U.N. trusteeship with Australia as the administering power. The Papua and New Guinea Act, 1949 provided for the government of Papua and New Guinea as one administrative unit. After World War II, Australian currency was used exclusively in the two territories.

On December 1, 1973, Papua New Guinea became self governing with Australia retaining responsibility for defense and foreign affairs. Full independence was achieved within the British Commonwealth on September 16, 1975. Following independence, the country commenced its own currency issues using a decimal system where 100 Toea = 1 Kina.

COIN PROOF SET WESTERN SAMOA 1974

SIZE L 37 MM DIAMATER

包装塑料100X 83 X 12 MM

条件好

新几内亚岛是由西班牙航海家Jorge de Menezes发现的,他于1527年降落在西北岸。由于对可用资源的夸大估计,该岛部分或全部被西班牙,荷兰,英国所宣称。和德国。

巴布亚,原为英属新几内亚,位于该岛的东南部,面积为234,499平方公里(90,540平方英里),人口为75万。它于1883年由昆士兰州和英国王室于1888年暂时兼并。英国新几内亚使用标准的英国货币体系,其中12便士= 1先令和20先令= 1磅。巴布亚于1901年受到澳大利亚联邦的控制,并于1906年成为巴布亚的领土。

1884年,德国吞并了被称为德国新几内亚(也称为Neu Guinea或Kaiser Wilhelmsland)的地区,该地区包括该岛的东北部,并授予其对Neu-Guinea Compagnie的管理和发展。在公司未能进行适当管理之后,管理层于1889年回归德国。作为德国保护国,德国新几内亚的面积为238,692平方公里(92,159平方英里),人口为25万。首都是Hebertshohe(后来的Rabaul)。德国新几内亚使用德国十进制货币系统,其中100芬尼= 1马克。在英国向德国宣战后不久,澳大利亚军队于1914年8月占领了德国新几内亚。它于1920年被国际联盟授权给澳大利亚,被称为新几内亚领土。

日本于1942年初入侵新几内亚和巴布亚,但澳大利亚的控制权在巴布亚年底前和1945年在新几内亚恢复。在日本投降之后,两个地区都被联合国托管,澳大利亚作为管理国。 1949年“巴布亚和新几内亚法”规定巴布亚和新几内亚政府为一个行政单位。第二次世界大战后,澳大利亚货币仅在两个地区使用。

1973年12月1日,巴布亚新几内亚成为自治局,澳大利亚保留了国防和外交事务的责任。 1975年9月16日英国联邦内部实现了完全独立。独立后,该国开始使用十进制的货币问题,其中100 Toea = 1 Kina。

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